Take a look at the fine diamond jewellery displayed in brick-and-mortar or online jewellery stores. You can’t help but be amazed at the elegance of diamond jewellery. Diamonds provide the brilliance, fire, and life of a jewellery piece. Its magnificence makes it a sought-after stone for generations. It is just a huge wonder that Nature has the capacity to shape a hunk of crystalised carbon into a work of art.
Truth be told, Mother Nature did not sculpt the diamond to gem-quality standards. She only provides the material; expert human jewellers turn this material into breathtaking gems. Since the diamond is the hardest substance on Earth, a jeweller of immense skill and talent is needed to transform the diamond into an eye-catching, loved gemstone that is now a popular icon of love, abundance, achievement, and power.
Giving a Gem its Form
Rough diamonds, which are embedded in volcanic rocks called kimberlites, are mined. After the kimberlite and the raw diamond are extracted from each other, the jeweller starts to sculpt it into a gem that truly shines. He first scrutinises the structure of the raw gem. This really is one of the most long-drawn-out and most critical part of forming the diamond considering that it addresses loads of challenges including:
The hardness of the diamond and its capacity to be cleaved cleanly. This factor heavily depends on the diamond’s crystal orientation. To do this analysis, jewellers utilize X-ray diffraction and other traditional or high-tech methods, allowing them to select the correct cutting directions.
Visual indicators. These flaws create tints, colours, and shades in diamonds. Before cutting, the jeweller should choose which flaws are to be removed during the cutting process.
Cutting method. The jeweller cuts the diamond across its cleavage plane, a weakness in the stone’s molecular makeup. Chopping can be carried out by subjecting the precious stone with a sole, calculated blow of a hammer to a chisel. This is the traditional method, which is risky but quick. A safer alternative would be to cut the stone with a diamond saw. It is reliable and safe, however, it can be an exhaustive procedure.
A number of flat angles are then buffed on the chopped diamond. These flat areas, technically known as facets, provide the diamond’s characteristic lustre. The facets optimise the lustre, shine, and fire of the gem by dispersing and reflecting the light that shines through the diamond. After this process, the diamond is reduced in weight and size to as much as 50 percent from the original raw stone.But of course, if you would like to have a custom made diamond wedding rings or earrings, chances are cuts and shapes will still vary depending on your choice.
Once the diamond is cut and buffed to its desired shape, the jeweller begins to polish the gem. Polishing is accomplished by doing away with excess material via gradual erosion. It takes a steady hand and a lot of time, however, the results are best quality diamond earrings, rings and various other stunning jewellery. Once polishing is finished, the stone is then checked thoroughly for damages received during the cutting, buffing, and polishing procedures. These damages are corrected through repolishing, crack filling, and other diamond enhancement methods.
Now, you’ve got a smooth diamond that you will surely desire to treasure for the rest of your life.